(a)主球入袋或离开球台;Cue ball scratch or off the table;

Ball Placement

3.         Movable Obstructions (Rule 24-1)

  6.壹除八号球必须指球定袋外,全数的击打都休想指球定袋。ONLY the
shooting of the eight ball is required to be called.

好多选手都有四个坏习于旧贯,正是在操演的时候把球打到正手位或反手位的当心,而且平素不演习打中路球。小编要再一次说一遍:陶冶中啥样,竞赛中也啥样。改造练习的秘技,就会充实你的较量积分。

三)
球馆上的广告板、背景板等属于不可移动妨碍物

  4.5发球时八号球入袋并伴有违反规则和章程,敌手能够挑选:If the eight ball is
pocketed with any other foul occurs, the opponent has the option of:

By Larry Hodges, USATT Certified National Coach 

  • Disqualification; and disqualification from this whole
    season

  Section 三. 考取斯诺克 The Game of Chinese Billiards

 

Four bad times 

  2.比球 Lagging

万1你的落点在正手位或反手位中心,那么您的挑衅者根本就不要移动就可以击球。假使你的回球在角上,那么对手恐怕移动,要么够球,无论哪1种,他都很难回出高水平的球。

当球员离开计分卡搜集处时,被视为正式提交计分卡。

  竞技规则不容许被私行改换,除非获得中华人民共和国台球组织获准,对规则一时改动的封皮解释应在赛后运动员会议中公布。The
actual Rules of Play may not be altered, unless a permit is issued by
CBSA for the individual event. A written explanation of any rules change
should be made available at the players’ meeting.

For now, let’s just talk about fast topspin or counter-driving type rallies. Most beginners and intermediate players place the ball to two spots: either the middle backhand, or the middle forehand. Top players place the ball to three spots: wide backhand, wide forehand, and middle.

5.       出于危险状态而中止竞技(规则六-八证明)

  伍.球的摆放 Racking of Balls

有关话题:如若回手那个打到你中路的球?如若你的步法和正手都毋庸置疑,那么您应当尽大概的用正手击球。(也有人的反手尤其好,也习贯使用反手,但那种人很少) 

Three bad times      

  (d)在判决宣判一回违反规章或裁定比赛延时后连续击球;continuing to play
after a foul has been called or play has been suspended;

Related subject: how do you return these shots hit at your middle? If you have good footwork and a good forehand, you should probably try to play forehand whenever possible. (And there are those with such good backhands that they should favor them, but this is rarer.) A general rule would be this: If you are close to the table or have little time, favor your backhand; if you are away from the table, or have extra time, play your forehand. When playing the forehand, remember to get out of the way of the ball by moving away from it, so you can use your entire forehand hitting zone.

  • 率先至第五轮交锋:其差了一点将选取当轮流参加战斗表“70%规则”总括球员此番决赛的差不多,即“(调解后总杆-规范总杆)x七成=少了一些”,小数部分将四舍5入。
  • 第5轮竞技或今后:球员差不离将采纳最新的新少了一些指数测算。
  • 假诺一个人球手具备七个差了一点,他/她应有宣称最低的少了一些用于比赛。

  1伍.非击球选手 Remaining In Player’s Chair

 

7.      Distance-Measuring Devices

  1壹.对比赛器械的暗中同意接受 Acceptance of Equipment

Beyond any wall, fence or white stakes defining the
boundary of the course.

  3.2.判决不应 The referee shall not:

Reprinted from the February, 1997 issue of Table Tennis Talk 

  • Round 1 to 5: Use the 70% Rule to calculate a player’s
    handicap: Adjusted Gross Score minus Par and then times 70% for each
    round played, fractions will be rounded up.
  • Round 6 and beyond: Use the USGA Handicap System
    to calculate a player’s handicap.
  • If a player has multiple
    handicaps, he/she should declare the lowest handicap for the
    competition.

 

教练的时候,应该像竞赛时候一样调控球的落点。究竟磨炼中啥样,竞赛后也啥样。但落点应该怎么取舍呢?

 

  (c)接触顶库超越3次;contacts the top cushion more than once;

1个着力规则:借使您离球台很近,或尚未反应时间,就用反手;若是你离台有点距离,或有额外的反应时间,就用正手。当用正手击球的时候,记得让开球的宇宙航行路径,那样您就足以足够发挥正手的击球威力 (译注:不要挡在球的航空路径上)

Penalty for Breach of Local Rules – Two
Strokes.

  玖.1运动员可击打主球跳跃过其余目的球,且合法击中温馨球组的靶子球。A
jump shot is one in which the cue ball is made to go over an intervening
obstacle such as an object ball or part of the cushion to hit the legal
object ball.

If you place the ball to the middle backhand or forehand area, your opponent doesn’t have to move to play his shot. If you put the ball wide to the corner, your opponent will have to either move or reach. Either way, he will not make as strong a shot on the average.

 

  (c)故意打出滑杆;playing a shot by intentionally miscuing;

Whenever you’re practicing, always place the ball where you would in a tournament match. What you do in practice you will do in a match. But where should you place the ball?

 

  若是出现下列景况,选手重新比球:The players will lag again if:

The middle is a trickier area to play because it’s somewhat of a moving target. Your opponent’s middle is roughly his playing elbow, the midway point between his forehand and backhand. When you play a ball aggressively there, your opponent has to: 1) decide whether to play forehand or backhand; and 2) move. This is a “double-whammy,” so strong shots to the middle are often better than shots to the corners. (Some players favor the forehand or backhand somewhat, and so the “middle” might be a little to the side of the elbow.)

二) 水障碍区内的桥梁,用于挡水的人造墙壁或木板属于球馆不可分割部分,不可接受免罚杆补救。

  (b)未碰顶库;doesn’t contact the top cushion;

A very bad habit of many players is to place the ball to the middle backhand or forehand area when drilling, and to never practice shots to the middle. I’ll say it again: what you do in practice you will do in a match. Change the way you drill, and add points to your rating!

注释:  (一)球员被计时前不会获取来自竞技官员的提醒或警示。

  七.③运动员击球后,未入袋的指标球和主球必须停留在台面上。如有任何目标球跳离台面均被视为合理消失,不再重新设置于台面。A
ball is considered driven off the table if it comes to rest other than
on the playing 三星平板 but is not pocketed. Any object ball be driven
off won’t be put back to the table in this rack. It is a foul to drive
any ball off the table.

方今,让大家只是就便捷上旋球或二者对抽之类的球举办探讨。大许多低端或中等选手,会选取一个落点:对方的反手位中部,或正手位中部。一级运动员,则会采取以下3个落点:反手远端、正手远端和正中间。

球员不足在刚刚打完之洞的球洞区上或其隔壁实行任何练习击球或以测试果岭的目标在刚打完之洞的球洞区上滚动球。

  在其它景况下当壹颗球要求再行被摆放或复原时,唯壹有权单独实践该职责的是评判。裁判能够以其余措施在适当的年华实行该规则,并且能够驾驭双方选手,任壹选手所提出未有争议的建议能够被选用。任一选手可对宣判的观念提议1次异议,但在那事后,评判的末梢看清将决定球的再一次安顿或复原来的地方置。In
any case a position of balls needs to be amended it is solely the
referee’s duty and responsibility to perform this task. He may form his
opinion by any means he considers appropriate at the time. He may
consult one or both players on that, however, the particular player’s
opinion is not binding and his judgment can be amended. Each involved
player has the right to dispute the referee’s judgment just once, but
after that it is the referee’s discretion to restore the ball or balls.

个中的落点,就相比较复杂一点,因为对手移动到那边相比便于。对手的中等,大约是她击球手的肘子地方,介王丽萍反手之间。当您把有攻击性的球打在万分地点,你的挑战者须要一. 决断用正手依旧用反手击球  二. 运动。那是三个再一次打击,所以对中级的暴力击球,效果往往比打角落要好。(有些选手尤其偏向正手或反手,所以对他们的话,中间落点在肘部的边缘一点)

一)
篮球场上的码数桩与水障碍桩均为可活动妨碍物。

  (d)手套:选手可以运用扶助握杆或手架的手套。Gloves – The player may
use gloves to improve the grip and/or bridge hand function.

3) Any area of damaged
ground that is considered by a Rules Official to be abnormal.

  Chinese billiards is played with fifteen numbered object balls and
the cue ball. If one player choose the “solid” group (number one through
seven), then the opponent is assigned the “stripe” group (number nine
through fifteen), and vice versa. The shooter’s group of seven balls
must all be off the table before he attempts to pocket the called eight
ball to win the rack.

 

  4.开球Break Shot

Though the green, seams of cut turf (not the turf
itself) and seams between fringe and rough are deemed to be ground under
repair. However, interference by a seam with the player’s stance is
deemed not to be, of itself, interference under Rule 25-1. If the ball
lies in, or touches the seam or the seam interferes with the area of
intended swing, relief if available under Rule 25-1. All seams within
the cut turf area are considered the same seam.

  7.击球Shot

 

  1陆.限期击球 Shot Clock

2) Plastic Mats
placed on top of grass areas as walking pathways are declared to be
Immovable Obstructions. When plastic mat is adjoining any cart
path or other immovable obstructions, it is deemed to be part of the
same Immovable Obstruction.

  开球时,开球方将主球置于开球线后出杆击球后必须至少, The cue ball
begins in hand behind the string and,

11.  
裁决

  (e)接触两侧库边或停留在角袋袋口并且已超越底库边线。touches the side
cushion or the ball rests within the corner pocket and pass the nose of
bottom cushion.

不无球手在竞赛当天必须严谨服从高尔夫礼仪,任何违反礼仪的一举一动依附严重程度大概导致以下处置处罚:

  3.摆放球 Ball Racking

When scores and results are released on Mission Hills
website, the results of the competition are deemed officially announced
and the competition is closed.

  20.申诉规则 Protest Ruling

 

  10.提议对裁定的异同 Protesting Rulings

 

  (b)主球先接触违法指标球;Wrong ball first;

If this still does not produce a result, the winner
shall be decided by lot.

  (h)不妥帖地动用器具。using equipment inappropriately.

达成各洞的最多允许时间将由赛委会决定并公布在通告栏中。“落后”指的是与前1组的时日距离超越了发球时保持的间隔时间。

  2.2.女子 Women

 

  14.僵局 Stalemate

 

  开放球局是指该局竞赛中两组球的归属权尚未决定。The table is said to
be “open” before the groups are determined.

8.      Returning of Score Card

  17.暂停 Time out


  图片 1

Note: Dropping Zone for
Water Hazards:

  除了赛事组织委员会委员会别的规定外,每名球员在超越九局的交锋中可伸手二遍陆分钟的中断。球员推行暂停权力前必须告诉评判他的用意,并且规定评判意识到该事实且在记录表上注册。Unless
specified otherwise by the tournament organizer, each player is allowed
to take one time out of five minutes during matches played over 九 games.
To exercise the right to a time out the player must inform the referee
of his/her intention and make sure the referee is aware of the fact and
marks it on the score sheet.

当比赛是因为有个别意况,如骤雨或霹雳等,而需中止时,假若同组的球员是在两洞之间,在委员会提示打球再起来此前,他们不得恢复生机打球。尽管他们早就开头1洞的打球,球员能够选择及时暂停比赛或实现该洞,但必须在成功该洞后废不过返,并在委员会提示打球再起来以前,不得苏醒打球。

  (g)故意推迟竞赛;delay of the game;

2)铺在草上用于行走的米白塑料垫是不得以运动妨碍物。当垫子与球车道或其余不可移动妨碍物相连时,它们将被视为贰个完全。

  假如选手有亟待裁定的事宜,首先应与判决交流,裁判会作出最方便的论断。假若选手对裁决有异议,能够向评判长随后是赛事主任提议抗构和申诉,竞技前赛事经理的评判是有最后决定性的论断。申诉者在每一次申诉在此之前须求缴纳申诉费,假设申诉失利所交开支不予退还,申诉费的具体多少需在赛事秩序册仍旧赛中选手会议上分明。If
a player needs a decision to be taken, the first person to be contacted
is the referee. The referee will form his decision by all means that
seem suitable to him. If the player wants to protest against that
ruling, he may contact the head referee and after that the tournament
director. In any regular tournament, the tournament director’s decision
is binding and final. A deposit from the protestor is required for such
an appeal and it will be forfeited in case of an adverse final decision.
The amount of deposit will be stated on program book or clarified on the
player’s meeting before event.

复原打球                     短暂的两声警报声,并再一次多次

  柒.再度安插/复原球的岗位 Restoring a Position

2) Stones in bunker are movable obstructions and can
be removed (Rule 24-1)

  Section 二. 竞技规则 Rules of Play

*** 

  11.弃权 Concession

设若水障碍区设有抛球区,当球手的球打入水障碍时,作为附加的处置程序,在收受加罚1杆的重罚后,球手能够在抛球区抛球。

  当选手击打八号球时,只要8号球未进袋也从不跳离台面,就算犯规或主球入袋都不算输掉该局,此时对手获得自由击球权。If
any foul occurs or cue ball scratches when shooting at the eight ball,
the shooter doesn’t considered losing the rack as long as the eight ball
is NOT pocketed or NOT driven off the table.

  • 在篮球馆上违反该比赛标上将倍受两杆处理罚款;或

  • 立马撤回竞技资格,同时/或:

  • 撤消球手下一次赛事的交锋资格,无论她/她的提请是否已被接受。

  通则列明了诸如着装要求、申诉程序、比赛日程安插等未包罗在竞赛规则中,但又在实际比赛中须要预订的事儿。通则内容在每趟比赛中都不一样,比方单场局数、开球顺序等。比赛组织委员会委员会有权依照通则精神在赛中规定并依此实施。相对来讲,比赛规则供给在较量进度中严俊施行。These
regulations address dress requirements, protests, scheduling issues, and
other items that are not part of the actual Rules of Play but need to be
regulated for the individual event. Some aspects of applying the
regulations vary from tournament to tournament, such as the number of
sets in a match and who breaks after the first rack. The management of
an event is entitled to enforce regulations for the event. These
Regulations do not have the same force as the Rules; the Rules have
priority.

陆.       两洞之间的练习(规则柒注释二)

  伍.二当球局开放时,选手可合法首先击中除八号球以外的其它指标球,但主球若先击中八号球则为违犯禁令。When
the table is “open”, any object ball may be struck first except the
eight ball.

 

  (e)如若规则未有包含比赛过程中出现的异样情形,评判能够在公平竞技规则下对该现象作出裁决;be
free to make a decision in the interests of fair play for any situation
not covered adequately by these Rules;


  肆.1发球选拔权 Determining First Break (参见第一章第二条 See Section 贰Rule 二)

2) Timings will be taken from the moment the Official
deems it is the player’s turn to play.

  The detailed requirement for calling a shot can be decided by the
organizer of event before the event begins.

借使评判员是由委员会制定的,他的评判应是终极宣判。

  非击球选手将肩负裁决的职责。如若在击打前,击球选手认为敌手将不能对他的击打作出确切判罚,该选手能够让裁判在一派观望这一击打进度。同样,非击球选手也可以在不必然或不愿意执裁某情状时寻求评判的援救。任何一方都有权暂停比赛直到她对比赛的执裁结果表示满足。The
non-shooting player will perform all of the duties of the referee. If,
prior to a particular shot, the shooting player feels that his opponent
will not be able to properly judge the shot, he should ask the area
referee to watch the shot. The non-shooting player may also ask for such
attention if he feels that he is unable or is unwilling to rule on the
shot. Either player has the power to suspend play until he is satisfied
with the way the match is being refereed.

7.       测距仪

 中式斯诺克规则(暂行)

3) All backdrops and Ad-boards on course are immovable
obstructions.

  当球组已规定,假诺一名选手错误地击打对方球组中的球,该犯规必须在她张开下二反击打前被宣判。当任1选手或裁定意识到球组已被两岸错误地调换击打时,该局随即截止并由原开球选手重新开球。If
the groups have been determined and the player mistakenly shoots at a
ball of the opponent’s group, the foul must be called before he takes
his next shot. Upon recognition by either player or the referee that the
groups have been reversed, the rack will be halted and will be replayed
with the original player executing the break shot.

               
Resume Play                
Two short notes of siren, repeated

  (a)超出球台纵轴线进入敌手区域;comes into opponent’s half;

LOCAL RULES

  经常来说对背离体育精神行为的罚则评判可透过她对运动员犯规行为的剖断而展开调治。那一个罚则能够是1遍警告,3次正式犯规的罚则,输掉该局、轮或比赛,撤除竞赛资格或大概撤废排名,奖章,奖金和排行积分等。综上可得,对于违反体育精神的一颦一笑,评判应当作出符合竞赛精神的处置处罚。The
normal penalty for unsportsmanlike conduct is the same as for a serious
foul, but the referee may impose a penalty depending on his judgment of
the conduct. Among other penalties possible are a warning; a
standard-foul penalty, which will count as part of a three-foul sequence
if applicable; a serious-foul penalty; loss of a rack, set or match;
ejection from the competition possibly with forfeiture of all prizes,
trophies and standings points.

Note:       1) Players will NOT be advised that they are being
timed.

  违反上述规则的处分:对方获自由击球权。If any rule above is
infringed, the opponent player will be awarded playing from the cue ball
in hand.

违反规则的判罚: 裁撤资格       

  (f)如果被供给,能够告诉击球选手指标球的水彩或号码;tell a player the
color or the number of a ball if requested;

7.         陷入地面包车型大巴球的补救

  9.跳球 Jump Shot

In the absence of mitigating circumstances, a group
is liable to be timed if it is in excess of the time allowed and in the
case of second or subsequent groups, out of position.  From the commencement of timing, if
any player exceeds 50 seconds on a ‘first to play shot’, or 40 seconds
if it is a ‘second or third to play shot’, he is deemed to have had a
‘bad time’.

  开球选手犯规时,对手获线后自由球此时不得不将主球放置在开球线后,且无法平昔击展开球线后的指标球,但选手可先将主球击过开球线,再使主球重临碰触开球线后的指标球。The
player is awarded to play with cue ball in hand behind the string ONLY
when his/her opponent fouls at the open break. When the cue ball is in
hand behind the string, and the first ball the cue ball contacts is also
behind the head string, the shot is a foul unless the cue ball crosses
the string before that contact.

  • a two-stroke penalty for each act of
    unsportsmanlike conduct on the golf course and/or;
  • immediate disqualification from the tournament at
    which the violation occurs and/or;
  • a tournament disqualification that may result in
    disqualification from the next tournament(s) for which a player has
    been accepted.

  7.5在三遍击打进度中,杆头不可能碰触主球一次以上(含五次)。If the
cue-tip contacts the cue ball more than once on a shot, the shot is a
foul.

以下的比赛规范,包罗由奥迪Q3&A出版新扩张或修订的竞技规则,适用于由观澜湖高尔夫球会举行的观澜湖青少年种类赛(不包涵赛季决赛以及预热塞)。

  叁.三.只要判决没能注意到某争议情形,他能够参考在场的记分员,别的赛事工作人士或看台南所处最棒地点听众的见解后作出裁决。If
the referee has failed to notice any incident, he may at his discretion
take the evidence of the marker or other officials or spectators best
placed for the observation to assist his decision.

 

  当有须要重新将球放置于台面时,裁判应尽其所能把有关的球放置回它们应该在的职分上。如有障碍球使得该动作无法施行,复位球应该在不碰触别的球的前提下被放置在置球点与顶库之间的纵轴线上,且尽量靠近置球点。若是整条置球点与顶库之间的置球线都被其余球覆盖,重新初始化球应当被停放于尽大概接近置球点的球台纵轴线上。选手必须承受裁决所判别的地点。If
it is necessary to put back the ball, the referee shall make best
endeavor to put the ball to the place where it should be placed. If
there is any interfering ball, ball should be placed on the long axis of
the table as close as possible to the spot, between the spot and the top
cushion, without moving any interfering ball. If other balls block the
long axis between the spot and top cushion at all, the ball is spotted
above the spot, on the long axis, and as close as possible to the spot.
The player must accept the referee’s decision.

Yellow stakes define water hazards and red stakes
define lateral water hazard, When both stakes and lines are used to
indicate a water hazard, the stakes identify the hazard and the lines
define the hazard margin.

  三.一.裁判应当 The referee shall:

 

  评判应制止竞赛受到干扰,举个例子来自邻桌选手或观者的困扰,如有须求比赛可为此暂停或延缓。困扰能够是来源于肢体或语言等地点。由于外界干扰导致选手出现犯规,该选手无需承担。The
referee should ensure that interference is prevented, for example by a
spectator or a player on an adjacent table, and may suspend play as
needed. Interference may be physical or verbal. No player shall be
penalized for the foul caused by outside interference.

1.         Out of Bounds (Rule 27-1)

  在实施指球定袋的较量中,选手得以采纳安全击打而非间接击球入袋,此后球权交于对手。选手采用击打安整个世界之后有球入袋的情状下该球是不是供给被复位,取决于该品种是或不是有一定的分明。In
call shot games, the shooter may choose to call “safety” instead of a
ball and pocket, and then play passes to the opponent at the end of the
shot. Whether balls are being spotted after safeties depends on the
rules of the particular game.


  (d)置球点:球台纵向中线上距顶库635mm的点。The Spot: 635mm from a
point perpendicularly below the face of the top cushion.

 

  7.同时击中 Split Hits

三.       打球速度(规则陆-7申明)

  (b)接受台面全数球的职位,继续击球(主球出台或入袋除此而外)。re-spotting
the eight ball and accepting the table in position. (Except when cue
ball scratches or be driven off the table)

8.         Embedded Ball- Relief extended
to “through the green” – Pages 131-132.

  5.盛开球局(接纳球组)Open Table/Choosing Groups

2) Seams of Cut Turf – Page 134

  违反上述规则的重罚:对方获自由击球权。If any rule above is
infringed, the opponent player will be awarded playing from the cue ball
in hand.

3.      Pace of Play (Note 2 to Rule
6-7)

  肆.“区域评判”格局的竞技 Playing with an “Area” Referee

Penalty for Breach of Condition:

  (f)违法碰触球;Touched ball;

 

  “区域评判”方式的较量是指一名裁判同时执裁几张球台上拓展的交锋,而不是单纯执裁一场比赛。那种情景下,选手依然需求服从竞赛规则。具体建议如下:
It may be that a tournament is being played with “area” referees who are
each responsible for several tables and there is no referee constantly
at each table. In this case, the players are still expected to observe
all the rules of the game. The recommended way to conduct play in this
situation is as follows.

 

  Section 1 – 通则 Regulations

 

  3.裁判 The Referee

 

  (d)球入袋或离开台面;is pocketed or driven off the table;

1.      Eligibility

  14.发球顺序 Subsequent Break Shots

2) Bridge in water
hazard, and artificial walls or wooden
blocks for blocking water, are integral part of
course, no free relief is available.

  同一名运动员就同样难题不得不提议1遍申诉,假使她就同二个难题第一遍建议申诉,该举动将会被视为违背体育精神的表现并碰到相应处理罚款。A
player is allowed to ask for a reconsideration of a factual decision by
the referee only one time. If he asks for reconsideration of the same
matter a second time, it will be treated as unsportsmanlike conduct.

6.         体育馆不可分割部分

点击下载查看:中式斯诺克规则(暂行)

 

  每位选手的衣裳必须符合竞技须求同时整洁干净。假如选手不显明自身的衣着是不是符合要求,能够在赛后向赛事经理确认。赛事老板对衣服须要有最终领导权。特殊意况时,赛事总经理可以允许衣裳不符合必要的健儿加入竞赛,举个例子航班托运转李遗失、选手特别肉体情状等景况。选手可能会因为服装未达须要而被注销比赛资格。Each
player’s attire must always meet the level of the competition and be
clean, proper and in good condition. If an athlete is unsure about the
legality of his attire, the athlete should approach the tournament
director before the match and ask whether the attire is legal. The
tournament director has the final say with regards to the legality of
attire. In exceptional circumstances, the director may permit a player
to compete in violation of the dress code e.g. when airline luggage has
been misplaced or when player has medical problems. A player may be
disqualified for dress code violation.

 

  违背体育精神的一举一动是指别的蓄意玷污体育精神,破坏或转移公平比赛规则的一举一动。Unsportsmanlike
conduct is any intentional behavior that brings disrepute to the sport
or which disrupts or changes the game to the extent that it cannot be
played fairly.

One bad time   

  违反上述规则的惩罚:对方获自由击球权。If the jump shot is illegal,
the opponent player will be awarded playing from the cue ball in hand.

        (2)当评判以为已到球员击球顺序,计时即初叶。

  全数违犯禁令行为不可不在下壹出杆前做出宣判,否则正是未发生其余犯规行为。If
a foul is not called before the next shot begins, the foul is assumed
not to have happened.

此番竞技时期,球员能够动用仅能衡量相差的仪器来得到距离方面包车型大巴新闻。在规定一轮中,如果球员使用的测距仪具有度量别的能够影响球员比赛的成效(如坡度、风的速度、温度等),那么不论是该球员是还是不是实际行使了这个附加功效,他都违反了平整14-叁, 处置处罚为撤回资格

  (e)开球线:平行于球台底库,距底库63伍mm ,
并与左右两边库相交的直线。String: A straight line drawn 63伍mm from the
face of bottom cushion and parallel to it, both sides meet the ② side
cushions.

  • Two strokes penalty; and disqualification from next two
    tournaments

  评判应在目的球大概贴库或贴主球的景况下认真观望并作出发表,选手得以在须求处境下提示评判对此类情形作出宣布。选手必须予以评判足够的日子作出决断。The
referee should be careful to inspect and announce the status of any
object ball that might be frozen to a cushion and the cue ball when it
might be frozen to a ball. The seated player may remind the referee that
such a call is necessary. The shooter must allow time for such a
determination to be asked for and made, and may ask for the call
himself.


  七.贰运动员击球后,若没有指标球入袋,须至少有一颗球碰触库边(含主球)。If
no ball is pocketed on a shot, the cue ball must contact an object ball,
and after that contact at least one ball (cue ball or any object ball)
must be driven to a rail.

 

  10.犯规 Fouls

2013年1月

  (g)在合理供给下清洁任何台面上的球;clean any ball upon reasonable
request;

 

  假如在较量前从没有过发布关于服装的切实可行要求,则暗许使用下列衣裳须要。If
there is no announcement before the event, the following dress code is
assumed.

一经在刚打完之洞的球洞区上或其相邻进行了演习击球,球员将倍受在下壹洞加罚两杆的惩罚,倘若是在该轮的尾声一洞,则处置处罚施与最终一洞。

  (b)球静止后判决不能剖断哪壹颗球更近乎底库;the referee cannot
determine which ball has stopped closer to the bottom cushion.

When play is suspended by the Committee, if the
competitors in a group are between two holes they shall not resume play
until the Committee has ordered a resumption of play. 

  (d)在有违公平比赛规则时,裁判有权推迟比赛进程,那种权力一样适用于出现争议时;suspend
play when conditions do not permit fair play, also when a call or ruling
is being disputed.

In the count-back of net score, one-half, one-third,
one-sixth, one-eighteen of the handicaps would be used and fractions
would not be disregarded.

  For a called shot to count, the referee must be satisfied that the
intended shot was made, so if there is any chance of confusion, e.g.
with bank, combination and similar shots, the shooter should indicate
the ball and pocket. If the referee or opponent is unsure of the shot to
be played, he may ask for a call.

The following Local Rules,
together with any additions or amendments as published by The R&A, will
apply to Mission Hills Golf Series Junior Tour (excluding Season Final &
Grand Final) run by Mission Hills Golf Club.

  若是判决判别产生僵局或恐怕发生僵局时,他应建议选手重新开球。但只要有选手拒绝,评判将同意竞赛继续1段时间,一般来讲,评判会让相互再各出三杆或依其决断而另作决定。此后如周旋局面仍未被张开,评判将宣布僵局并摆球重新早先此局比赛,同时:If
the referee thinks a position of stalemate exists, or is being
approached, he shall offer the players the immediate option of
re-starting the rack. If any player objects, the referee shall allow
play to continue with the proviso that the situation must change within
a stated period, usually after three more strokes to each side but at
the referee’s discretion. If the situation remains basically unchanged
after the stated period has expired, the referee shall re-rack all balls
as for the start of a rack. And:

A player’s score card is deemed officially returned
to the Committee when he has left the recording area.

  (b)巧粉:选手得以选取巧粉以防备杆头打滑,并且能够自带巧粉,但巧粉的颜料需与台尼颜色相称。Chalk

 

  竞技进度中借使有非选手苦恼产生并且影响到某次击球结果,裁判应将具有相关的球放置回原来的地方,由该选手重新击球。假诺此番苦恼对击球结果未有导致影响,裁判仅需另行放置受到搅扰的球,而竞赛继续进行。借使球已心中无数被放置回原位,此局即判为僵局。When
outside interference occurs during a shot that has an effect on the
outcome of that shot, the referee will restore the balls to the
positions they had before the shot, and the shot will be replayed. If
the interference had no effect on the shot, the referee will restore the
disturbed balls and play will continue. If the balls cannot be restored
to their original positions, the situation is handled like a stalemate.

1次延时 — 罚2杆;并且收回下两场参赛资格

  (a)将8号球抽出重新设置于置球点上,并收获线后随意击球权或re-spotting the
eight ball and shooting with cure ball in hand behind the string; or

水障碍区用中绿立桩标示,侧面水障碍区用水泥灰立桩标示;当立桩和线并且标示水障碍区时,立桩作为障碍区的鉴定区别标记,而线标定障碍区的鸿沟。

  (d)八号球进入非钦命球袋;pockets the eight ball in an uncalled
pocket;

 

  运动员只能在轮到他击球时才具提议弃权决定。弃权能够是针对性一局比赛也得以是指向一场比赛。对手有权收受或拒绝。尽管对石英表示继续比赛,该决定无效。Player
may only concede during his inning. A concession can be made for the
rack or for the match. The opponent has the right to accept or refuse
the concession, which becomes null and void if the opponent chooses to
play on.

 

  运动员报名暂停应该在局与局之间,特殊景况除了。Normally, time out is
taken between racks.

4.      Etiquette

  若有所官方指标球都在开球线后,此时运动员能够要求判决将最靠近开球线的那颗合法指标球重新设置于置球点。纵然两颗或两颗以上的官方目的球离开球线的相距相等,选手可内定重新设置哪一颗球。恰好停留在开球线上的目的球是能够被击打地铁。When
the shooter has the cue ball in hand behind the string and all the legal
object balls are behind the string, he may request the legal object ball
nearest the string to be spotted. If two or more balls are equal
distance from the string, the shooter may designate which of the
equidistant balls is to be spotted. An object ball that rests exactly on
the string is playable.

10. 
Result
of Competition – Competition Closed

  当击球选手在场上实行竞技时,非击球选手应停留在其钦命座椅区。当运动员在较量时期(包罗局与局之间)必要离开比赛区域,他必须获得评判的同意。即便在未经评判允许的处境下离开竞技区域,此举将被视为违背体育精神的一言一动。The
non-shooting player should remain in his designated chair while his
opponent is at the table. Should a player need to leave the playing area
during matches, he must request and receive permission from the referee.
Should a player leave the playing area during the match (include times
between racks) without the permission of the referee, it will be treated
like unsportsmanlike conduct.

 

  当运动员间现身争议状态,裁判将对她并不曾亲眼所见的意况展开惩罚,那时评判要求在玩命周密摸底当下的情况后如临深渊的作出处分,那么些进度能够归纳询问其余目击者、重播比赛录相以及重新演示此前的击打进程等。当评判被供给判决是还是不是有犯规景况出现,而与此同时未有显明的一望可知表显明实是违反规则和章程,除非在壹方声称本身向来不犯规时对方建议抗议,不然均假定未有犯规行为的发出。If
a dispute arises between two players in an un-refereed match, and the
area referee is asked to make a decision without having seen the cause
of the dispute, he should be careful to understand the situation as
completely as possible. This might include asking trusted witnesses,
reviewing video playback, or reenacting the shot. If the area referee is
asked to determine whether a foul occurred and there is no evidence of
the foul except the claim of one player while the other player claims
that there was no foul, then it is assumed that no foul occurred.

篮球馆所设之用于标定球场界线的墙壁、栅栏或白桩以外的区域。

  (a)击进8号球同时犯规(开球时除了);fouls when pocketing the eight
ball (except for the break shot);

Between the play of two holes, a player must not make
any practice stroke on or near the putting green of the hole last played
and must not test the surface of the putting green of the hole last
played by rolling a ball.

  13.迟到 Late Start

一)支撑树木的支架为不可移动妨碍物,补救只限于受立桩直接影响的气象。

  1贰.选手对器械的利用 Player’s Use of Equipment

5.         整修地(规则 25-1)

  (c)接受台面现存气象,继续击球(主球出台或入袋除却)。 accepting the
table in position and continue. (Except when cue ball scratch or be
driven off the table)

 

  (e)滑石粉:在裁决以为合理用量的情景下同意选手接纳滑石粉。Powder – A
player is allowed to use powder in a reasonable amount as determined by
the referee.

八.       提交计分卡

  1.选手的义务 Player’s Responsibility

总杆成绩比净杆成绩优先;狂妄组别出现并列,胜负将由该轮计分卡倒算决定:最终九洞、最终陆洞、最终三洞以至第1八洞,直至胜者产生停止。假设净杆战表倒算,在颠覆进程中分别使用的差不离是二分之一、三分之壹、5分之壹和10八分一,小数部分将四舍伍入至小数点后两位。

  竞赛中允许选手接受练习的教导。但选手连续击打时,那种状态不被承认,因为那将震慑竞赛的连贯性。评判和赛事组织委员会委员会有权对此设定附加限制。选手有权请求暂停以向教练获取协助,但磨炼不得接近比赛台面。如若判决以为一名教练搅扰或影响了比赛,可责令该磨炼隔开分离竞技球台。It
is permitted for a player to receive advice from a coach during a match.
This should not be on a continuous shot-by-shot basis that changes the
nature of the game. It is up to the referee and tournament management to
set additional limits on this. A time out can be used to get coaching
help. The coach should not approach the table. If the referee decides
that the coach is interfering with or disrupting the match, he may
direct the coach to stay away from the match.

 

  10.教练 Coaching

10.  
比赛结果 - 比赛结束

  (i)开球线后的地下击打;Bad play from behind the string;

5.      Suspension of Play Due to a
Dangerous Situation (Note to Rule 6-8b) – Pages 144-145

  原开开球方能够将八号球重新载入参数于置球点,并收受台面现成情形持续击球。it
shall be re-spotted; the breaker have to accepts the balls in position
and continue.

4) All the lamp
poles on the course are deemed to be Immovable Obstruction. If a ball
hit the lamp pole after a stroke, the stroke cannot be cancelled. (Rule
19-1)

  比赛规则和通则中对于违反体育精神行为的处置处罚给评判和赛事官员留有相比较宽泛和灵活的拍卖空间。判罚的基于能够设想以下那些地点:选手在此以前的行为表现、事先的警告、行为的首要以及赛中运动员会议上是不是强调等。其它,竞赛的品级也足以作为思索因素,因为一名卓越的选手除了有着高超的控球手艺之外,得体的言行也是少不了的素质。The
rules and regulations give the referee and other officials considerable
latitude in penalizing unsportsmanlike conduct. Several factors should
be considered in such decisions, including previous conduct, previous
warnings, how serious the offense is, and information that the players
may have been given at the Players’ Meeting at the start of the
tournament. In addition, the level of competition may be considered
since players at the top levels can be expected to be fully familiar
with the rules and regulations, while relative beginners may be
unfamiliar with how the rules are normally applied.


  The fifteen object balls are racked as tightly as possible in a
triangle, with the apex ball on the spot and the eight ball as the first
ball that is directly below the apex ball. One from each group of seven
will be on the two lower corners of the triangle. The other balls are
placed in the triangle without purposeful or intentional pattern.

Gross score is prior to net score; In the event of
tie for any category, a count-back will decide the winner – based on the
last nine holes, then the last six holes, then the last three holes and
then the last hole of the round.

  1贰.球组混淆 Wrong Group

9.      Deciding Ties

  比球是比赛中用来调节开球顺序的首先次击球。比球获胜的运动员获得发球选拔权。The
lag is the first shot of the match and determines order of play. The
player who wins the lag chooses who will shoot first.

All players are expected to
display proper golf etiquette at all time during tournament day, any
violation of etiquette may result in following penalties, based on the
severity.

  6.指球定袋 Shots Required to Be Called

九.       关于并列的拍卖

  伍.三在球局开放时其余不合规入袋的对象球均不必抽取。When the table is
“open”, any object ball not legally pocketed remains off the table.

6.         Integral Part of
Course

  (a)球台:内沿尺寸2540×1270mm(允许误差+/-九mm),从地面到库边顶部中度为800mm—850mm。Table:
The playing area within the cushion faces shall measure 2540 x 1270mm
with a tolerance on both dimensions of +/-九mm. The height of table from
the floor to the top of the cushion rail shall be from 800mm to 850mm.

 

  8.贴球 Touching Ball/Frozen Ball

 

  (h)支持选手拿出或放回架杆等救助设施。may assist the player by
getting and replacing the mechanical bridge.

   Mission
Hills Golf Series Junior Tour Committee

  运动员借使背离以下规定则输掉该局:The shooter loses if:

果岭大道上修补草皮的接缝(并非修补草皮自个儿)和果岭环与长草之间的切割缝都被视为整修地。不过,接缝对球员站位构成的妨碍本人不属于规则二伍-1中的妨碍。假诺球位于接缝内或接触到接缝,可能该接缝妨碍了预期挥杆区域,能够依据规则25-一拓展弥补。该修补草皮区域内的富有接缝被视为等同接缝。

  (b)未以击球情势而任由移动球的岗位;changing the position of the
balls in play other than a shot;

二)修补草皮变成的接缝—(附属规则Ⅰ四e)

  (b)重新摆球由友好发球或必要原开球的选手重新开球或 re-racking, then
breaking O卡宴 allowing the offending player to break again. or


  (c)将八号球击离台面; drives the eight ball off the table;

 

  4.三发球时出现任何其余犯规行为,对手不得以挑选重新开球。The incoming
player is not entitled to have the option of re-racking when any other
foul (not mentioned above) occurs during the break shot.

 

  指标球摆成三角形,顶角的球置于“置球点”上,八号球位于三角形的基本,三角形的最底层两端分别放置1颗全色球和一颗花色球,别的目的球随便摆布,但必须相互紧贴。

 

  4.随意击球权 Cue Ball In Hand

Penalty for Breach of
Condition:
Two strokes at the next hole. In the
case of a breach at the last hole of the stipulated round, the player
incurs the penalty at that hole.

  运动员假使因为药物原因等新鲜情况出现不适,赛事CEO可调动搁浅次数及时间。If
a player is suffering from a medical condition, the tournament director
may choose to adjust the number of time outs.

 

  (b)选手将本组最终1颗目的球击打入袋的同时击进八号球;The last ball of
his group and the eight ball are pocketed in the same shot.

  • Verbal warning; if two breaches in a season, disqualification
    from next tournament

  (a)球杆:允许选手在竞技中间沟通球杆,比如开球杆,跳杆及普通杆。选手能够动用内置的或外接的球杆延长器以扩张球杆的长度。Cue
stick – the player is permitted to switch between cue sticks during the
match, such as break, jump and normal cues. He may use either a built-in
extender or an add-on extender to increase the length of the stick.

 

  (a)一名选手鲜明晚于对手击球;one player strikes too later than the
opponent.

观澜湖高尔夫球会赛事组织委员会委员会

  (e)选手还未将本方目的球全部击进球袋前就将八号球击进袋。pockets the
eight ball before his/her group is cleared.

4)篮球场内有所灯柱均属于不可移动妨碍物,当球员的球击中灯柱,不得裁撤该次击球,规则1玖-一适用。

  1二.违背体育精神的表现 Unsportsmanlike Conduct

注:水障碍的抛球区**

  当运动员犯规时,对手可将主球放置在比赛台面上的随飞机地方置向自由方向击球,并得以在进行击球动作前继续移动主球。选手能够利用球杆的别的部分移动主球,包涵杆头,但不足有向前的击球动作。When
the cue ball is in hand, the shooter may place the cue ball anywhere on
the playing GALAXY Tab and may continue to move the cue ball until he
executes a shot. Players may use any part of the cue stick to move the
cue ball, including the tip, but not with a forward stroke motion.

A player whose group is timed will have a bad time
carried forward in the round even if the group subsequently arrives back
in position or within time.

  6.2八号球必须在选手击打完自个儿球组的全部目的球之后技艺指球定袋。The
eight ball may be called only after the shot on which the shooter’s
group has been cleared from the table.

 

  2.器材 Equipment

 

  (g)连击; Double hit;

   违反原则的重罚:       3次延时 — 口头警告;壹致赛季内几回违反,将撤除下一场参加比赛资格

  (h)推杆;Push shot;

4.         不可移动妨碍物(规则二四-贰)

  2.1.男子 Men

 

  即使一名健儿出现一回违反规章,他的搦战者得到自由击球权。If the shooter
commits a foul, play passes to his opponent. The cue ball is in hand,
and the incoming player may place it anywhere on the playing surface.

7.         Stones in Bunkers

  (b)球杆:十分长于十1.陆mm,制作材质及形状须符合中华夏族民共和国斯诺克组织的科班。Cue:
A cue shall be not less than 拾1.六mm in length with shape and form must
be of a design approved by CBSA.

 

  玖.不可抗拒因素 Act of God

一组球员被计时后,纵然随后超越前组或与前组保持了起初的间隔时间,该组球员已部分延时记录照旧继续有效。

  2.选手衣裳供给 Dress Code

竞赛规则

  一.比赛规则特例 Exceptions to the Rules

6回延时 — 撤消资格;并收回本赛季参加比赛资格

  运动员必须在规定的竞技时间到达球台并预备上马竞技。假若一名运动员在规定期间未现身,则遵照赛中预订的处分形式处理罚款。假诺两名健儿均迟到,则基于各自意况分别予以对应处分。对于频繁迟到的选手,赛会可应用更严俊的重罚形式。Players
must be at the table and ready to play their assigned match at the
appointed match time. If a player is late for his appointed match time,
he will be penalized according to the way agreed before the event. If
both players are late, they will be penalized individually according to
their degrees of violation. A stricter requirement may be used for
repeat offenders.

 

  (c)球:直径5七.一5mm(允许相对误差+/-0.05mm),重量15陆g-170g。

Two bad times 

  如主球在弹指间差不多同时击中1颗合法指标球和一颗非法指标球并且难以看清先击中哪颗球时,该情状被纵然为法定指标球先被击中。If
the cue ball strikes a legal object ball and a non-legal object ball at
approximately the same instant, and it cannot be determined which ball
was hit first, it will be assumed that the legal target was struck
first.

If a referee has been appointed by the Committee, his
decision is final.

  11.击打8号球 Shooting the Eight Ball

贰.         水障碍区和侧面水障碍区(规则贰六-一)

  (c)架杆:选手能够而且使用最多三种架杆来协助球杆。选手得以行使本身的架杆,但该架杆必须符合规定或取伏贴值评判承认。Mechanical
Bridges – The player may use up to two mechanical bridges to support the
cue stick during the shot. The configuration of the bridges is up to the
player. He may use his own bridge if it is similar to standard bridges.

The following signals will be used:

  (e)在竞技时期练球;practicing during a match;

还行补救的地址限定延伸至“球洞区通道”。– 第 13①-132页。

  拒绝举行1局较量,或其言行依照评判的论断有故意或持续的不妥,包罗不断浪费时间且被依照本章第三0条所警告恐怕有非绅士的言谈举止,评判应警告她如不改进举措的话将被判输掉这一场比赛。In
the event of refusing to continue a rack, or any conduct by a player
which in the opinion of the referee is willfully or persistently unfair,
including taking an abnormal amount of time or be warned as per
described in Section 一 Rule 20 or any other unsportsmanlike conduct, the
referee shall warn the player that in the event of any such further
conduct the match will be awarded to his/her opponent.

 

  8.球自行移动 Balls Settling

 

  (a)是一场交锋的唯一裁决者,对竞赛中所产生的1体作出裁定;be the sole
judge of the match and determine all matters of fact relating to the
rules, call fouls and take other action;

2.       差点

  裁判会将两颗球分别放置在开球线后,两名运动员在概略同一时半刻间击球并使其接触顶库(靠近置球点壹侧的短库)后回到,球结束时更接近底库(靠近开球线一侧的短库)的一方获得比球胜利。The
referee will place a ball on each side of the table behind the head
string and near the head string. The players will shoot at about the
same time to make each ball contact the top cushion(the short cushion
near the spot) with the goal of returning the ball closer to the bottom
cushion(the short cushion near the string) than the opponent.

以下的本地规则,包蕴由奥迪Q5&A出版新扩张或修订的本土规则,适用于由观澜湖高尔夫球会实行的观澜湖青少年类别赛(不包括赛季决赛以及预热塞)。

  玖.非运动员干扰 Outside Interference

三)经评判员认可的受损区域均为整修地。

  3.重置球 Spotting Balls

违反两洞间练习规定的重罚

  陆.指球定袋 Standard Call Shot

Where there are dropping
zones for water hazards, a ball may be played under Rule 26or a ball may
be drop in the Dropping Zone under penalty of one stroke.

  中式斯诺克竞技选拔1至壹伍号目的球及主球。1方选手如选用打一至7号(全色球)指标球,另一方选手则必须打九至壹五号(花色球)目的球。选手先将本人花色的靶子球全体击入球袋后,再将8号球击入球袋,即得到该局。

以下时域信号将被使用:    打球中止              延续的叁声警报声,并再次多次

  5.肆球组的归属权并非决定于开球时,开球时无论进球与否,球局均为开放,球组归属权取决于开球后选手合法地击进钦定球。The
table remains open after the open break, no matter how many object balls
are pocketed by the breaker. The groups only be decided when player
legally pocketed the object ball after the break shot.

The following Conditions,
together with any additions or amendments as published by The R&A, will
apply under Rule 33-1 to Mission Hills Golf Series Junior Tour
(excluding Season Final & Grand Final) run by Mission Hills Golf
Club.

  双方选手均可检查球摆放是还是不是相符规则,并可要求校订。

1.         界外(规则27-1)

  肆.四发球时八号球入袋 If the eight ball is pocketed,

1.       参加比赛资格

  3遍不合规比球或不可能得到胜利的比球是指,选手击出的球:A lag shot is
bad and cannot win if the shooter’s ball:

4.       礼仪

Download:Rules of Chinese
Billiards

For provisions relating to
dropping or re-dropping a ball in a dropping zone, see the Note on page
139-140 in the Rules of Golf.

  这包括 It includes,

  • One stroke penalty; and disqualification from next
    tournament

  赛事组织委员会委员会有权决定开球顺序。举个例子,由胜方开球或轮流开球等。For
deciding who will break in racks after the first, the tournament
management may choose a procedure different from the standard one listed
in the Rules. For example, the winner may break or the players break
alternatively.

6.      Practice Between Holes (Note 2 to
Rules 7) – Page 145

  (f)开球区:开球线与底库之间的区域。Area behind the string: The area
between the top cushion and the string.

1) Stakes supporting trees are immoveable obstructions and
player may obtain relief only because of the interference by
stakes.

  1颗球在看起来仿佛早已稳步后或者出现活动移动,那说不定是因为球或球台有轻微的症结,选手不会因球自行移动而饱受任何处分。在较量中那被视为寻常情形,除非这场所导致了球入袋,出现该情形后自动移动入袋的球供给被尽大概放回原来的地方。如若选手的二回击球进程中有球因自行移动而入袋,并且该入袋现象影响到此次击球的结果,评判应还原台面并让选手重新击球。A
ball may settle slightly after it appears to have stopped, possibly due
to slight imperfections in the ball or the table. Unless this causes a
ball to fall into a pocket, it is considered a normal hazard of play,
and the ball will not be moved back. If a ball falls into a pocket as
the result of such settling, it is restored as closely as possible to
its original position. If a settling ball falls into a pocket during or
just prior to a shot, and this has an effect on the shot, the referee
will restore the position and the shot will be replayed. The shooter is
not penalized for shooting while a ball is settling.

 

  (a)回答任何与规则非亲非故的主题材料;answer any question not authorized in
these rules;

全部赛选手必须符合观澜湖青少年连串赛报名表中的参赛资格。

  暂停期间接选举手如有不妥行止,他将被剥夺暂停权力。剧情严重者将会因违反体育精神而遭逢重罚。The
player taking the time out should remember that his actions must be
within the spirit of the game and if he acts otherwise, he is subject to
a penalty under the Unsportsmanlike Conduct.

1贰.  
本地点规则和比赛规则出现争议时,以英文版本为准。

  方今在各种比赛前不时应用有效期击球的交锋情势。赛中赛事组织委员会委员会会对每3还击球的限量时间,单局或单场延时的时日以及次数作出明确规定。比赛中会有一名职业职员(评判或场外语专科高校职人士)或专门的计时设备开始展览记时,经常会在剩下10秒时作出2次提示。计时从台面上具备球静止或上1位选手离开球台范围起头,结束于杆头接触主球发生1次击打或选手请求延时。如击球选手在规按期间内未有出杆,便为违犯禁令。A
shot clock may be requested at any time during a match by a tournament
official or either player involved in that match. The tournament
director or other appointed official decides whether to use a shot clock
or not. Should a shot clock be introduced, both players will be “on the
clock” and there will be an official timekeeper for the duration of the
match. Normally there will be a warning when 十 seconds remain. The shot
clock will be started when all balls come to rest, including spinning
balls, or when the previous player leaves the table. The shot clock will
end when the cue tip strikes the cue ball to initiate a stroke or when
the player calls extension. If a player runs out of time, it will be a
foul.

 

  一.竞赛格局 Mode of Play

Players must meet the
eligibility provisions established in the entry form for Mission Hills
Golf Series Junior Tour.

  选手有任务通晓全数与比赛相关的条条框框,条例及比赛日程等。赛会官员尽量将有关新闻精确及时的传达给选手,但那依旧是运动员的第二权利。It
is the player’s responsibility to be aware of all rules, regulations and
schedules applying to competition. While tournament officials will make
every reasonable effort to have such information readily available to
all players as appropriate, the ultimate responsibility rests with the
player.

1) The grooves
separating the fairways & thick rough are declared to be Integral Part
of the Course, no free relief is available.

  (c)裁判应当回答选手建议的有关客观事实以及与竞赛规则相关的难题;answer
player’s inquiries regarding objective data and game rules;

 

  运动员接纳的器材必须符合中夏族民共和国斯诺克协会对器械的鲜明。常常来讲,选手们不可能在竞赛中利用此外新型器械。以下聊到的道具是合法的。若是一名选手对器械的某一破例用途十分,应当在竞技中询问赛事组织委员会委员会并收获鲜明答复。除了器械自己设计的选择办法外,选手不得更换其用途。The
equipment must meet existing CBSA equipment specifications. In general,
players are not permitted to introduce novel equipment into the game.
The following uses, among others, are considered normal. If the player
is uncertain about a particular use of equipment, he should discuss it
with the tournament management prior to the start of play. The equipment
must be used only for the purpose or in the manner that the equipment
was intended.

 

  (a)干扰挑衅者;distracting the opponent;

The time allowed will be determined by the Chief
Referee and will be published on the official notice board.  Out of position is defined as being
more than the starting interval behind the group in front.

  (c)台面上有球尚未完全静止时击球;Play when there is any ball on the
table still moving or spinning;

 

  4.2合法开球 Legal Break

1) Distance markers and hazard stakes are moveable
obstructions.

  (a)获得线后随机击球权或 shooting with the cue ball in hand behind
the string. or

一)全部用“GU卡宴”标示牌标志的区域及具有用白线标示的区域。

  女运动员的装扮能够是背心、休闲马夹、POLO衫(有领羽绒服衫)或许别的花样优雅、庄敬的家庭妇女上装。对裤装颜色没有特殊要求,要小心的是不容许穿着别样牛牛仔裤可能牛仔面料的下身,女运动员能够穿着裙子插手竞技。鞋子必须是正式而且与一身装束匹配的样式,不容许穿着运动鞋或凉鞋。在赛事首席试行官允许的情事下选手得以穿着皮质大概仿皮材料的球鞋。Women
may wear a shirt, an elegant top, a dress, a blouse or a polo shirt.
T-shirts are not permitted. Dress pants may be of any color. Denim/blue
jeans of any color are forbidden. Female athletes may wear a skirt,
which must cover the knees. Shoes must be elegant dress shoes that fit
in the outfit. Sneakers and sandals are not allowed. Sports shoes with a
dark top of leather or leather-like material are allowed but are subject
to the tournament director’s discretion.

A player can use a
distance measuring device to obtain distance information. If a player
uses a distance-measuring device that is designed to gauge or measure
other conditions that might affect his play (e.g. gradient, windspeed,
temperature, etc), the player is in breach of Rule 14-3, for which the
penalty is disqualification, regardless of whether any such
additional function is actually used.

  • The player may apply chalk to his tip to prevent miscues, and may use
    his own chalk, provided its color is compatible with the baize.

  8.一主球与台面上要击打大巴对象球相贴时,选手击打主球后,必须使该目的球运动,且出杆方向未有限定,但击打动作必须旗帜明显。If
the cue ball is touching an object ball at the start of shot, it is
legal to shoot towards or partly into the ball. The touched object ball
must move after the shot and the action of shot should be obvious. If
this rule is infringed, the opponent player will be awarded playing from
the cue ball in hand.

1) All areas bounded by white lines and areas indicated by
GUR notice.

  (a)由原开球选手重新开球;The original breaker of the rack will break
again;

CONDITIONS

  伍.1在发球后球局霎时开放,此时运动员可先击打全色球以撞进花色球,反之亦可,但该进球不可能使球局关闭,换由对手出杆,球局仍为开放。The
table is open after rack begins. When the table is “open”, if player
first hit the solid ball but ONLY strip ball pocketed, or vice versa,
play passes to the other player, and the table remains “open”.

三.         可活动妨碍物(规则二四-一)

  Ball: The ball shall each have a diameter of 57.15mm with a
tolerance of +/-0.05mm. They shall be of equal weight from 156g to 170g.

 

  5.线后随意球 Cue Ball In Hand Behind the String

设若这么仍无法决出胜者,则将以抽签格局决定。

  (b)担当实施比赛规则并保险比赛顺遂举办;be responsible for the proper
conduct of the game under these rules;

 

  同一名选手就同一难题不得不提议1遍申诉,若是她就同一个难点第1次提议申诉,该举动将会被视为违背体育精神的一举一动并深受相应处理罚款。A
player is allowed to ask for a reconsideration of a factual decision by
the referee only one time. If he asks for reconsideration of the same
matter a second time, it will be treated as unsportsmanlike conduct.

               Discontinue Play           Three consecutive notes of
siren, repeated**

  (f)在球台上做标志;marking the table;

违反地点规则的重罚罚两杆

  当出现影响竞赛公平、顺遂实行的事态时,评判需第近来间作出暂停比赛的行动,直到该景况未有殆尽。若是这场馆爆发在一局较量进度中,裁判必须确认保证台面上的球局保持原状,直到暂停甘休,比赛遵照暂停前的击球顺序继续。如客观原因形成球局不能够被保持原状,裁判或赛事组织委员会委员会有权在稳当的时候告诉选手此局作废,待比赛能顺遂举行时再度起始新的1局球。The
referee will suspend the play promptly when conditions do not permit
fair play, until such conditions disappears. If this happened during one
rack, referee has to keep the ball on the table intact. The play will
resumes with the previous order maintained. If the table condition
cannot be maintained due to objective reasons, referee or the organizer
shall inform the player and nullify this rack, a new rack will be played
when everything is ready.

一) 分隔球道和长草区的水道为体育场不可分割部分,不可承受免罚杆补救。

  8.幸免外界苦恼 Outside Interference

 

  (b)最少有四颗目标球碰触库边。At least four object balls must be
driven to one or more rails.

 

  在二次巡回赛或3遍单独竞技开端后,球员无权置疑竞赛协会者所提供器械的品质及权威性。相关抗议必须在较量规范起先前提议。After
the tournament or a particular match has been started, the player has no
right to question the quality or legality of any equipment provided by
the Tournament Organizer unless supported by the referee or the
tournament director; any protests must be made beforehand.

 

 

4.         Immovable Obstructions (Rule 24-2)

Rules of Chinese Billiards

2.         Water Hazards and Lateral Water Hazards (Rule
26-1)

  (d)选手击球须臾间双腿同时离地;No foot on the floor;

If they are in the process of playing a hole they may discontinue play immediately
or continue play of the hole, provided they do so without delay. In any
case, play must be discontinued after the hole is
completed.

  1九.对背离体育精神行为的重罚 Penalizing Unsportsmanlike Conduct

Penalty for Breach of
Condition:
Disqualification

  (b)提醒击球选手该次击球或许会现身的犯规;give any indication that a
player is about to make a foul;

 

  八.二目的球与库边相贴时,主球击打该对象球后,该对象球必须离开库边后再也碰触库边或有其余球(包罗主球)碰库边或有目的球入袋。A
ball touching the rail at the start of a shot (said to be “frozen” to
the rail) is NOT considered driven to that rail unless it leaves the
rail and return. For a legal shot in such condition, please refer to
Section 三 Rule 七.贰

2.      Handicaps

  在举行指球定袋(指明下1杆所要击打大巴对象球以及要进的球袋)规则的交锋中,选手击打哪颗目的球和进哪个球袋必须旗帜分明报告裁判或对手。至于进球的进程,比如碰触一遍库边、是或不是接触任何球,以及别的球是或不是入袋则可有可无。每二还击球只可钦点1颗目的球和五个球袋。指球定袋的显著标准可由赛事组织委员会委员会在赛中进行明确。In
games in which the shooter is required to call shots, the intended ball
and pocket must be indicated for each shot if they are not obvious.
Details of the shot, such as cushions struck or other balls contacted or
pocketed are irrelevant. Only one ball may be called on each shot.

当竞赛分数和结果在观澜湖高尔夫球会网址上公布后,比赛结果就视为已经官方宣布,比赛标准终止。

  违反者即为开球犯规,其对手可作下列的选项: Otherwise, the shot
results in an illegal break, and the incoming player has the option of

5.         Ground Under Repair (Rule 25-1)

  九.二跳球时,击球者只好用杆头击打主球球面二分之一之上的区域。Only the top
half of the cue ball can be hit by cue tip when playing a legal jump
shot.

   January
2013

  以下为竞技后的一般犯规:The following are standard fouls at Chinese
billiards:

11. 
Decisions

  Both players/parties are entitled to check if the racking is
conforming the rule and ask the referee to rectify.


  (c)提供能够震慑赛事的提议和眼光;give any advice or opinion on
points affecting play;


  要是选手有亟待裁定的事宜,首先应与判决调换,评判会作出最适度的决断。假若选手对裁定有异议,能够向评判长随后是赛事首席实施官实行申诉。在正式比赛中,赛事总裁的判决是有最终决定性的判别。申诉者在每一遍申诉此前须求缴纳申诉费,假如申诉失利申诉费不被清理并辞退,申诉费的有血有肉数额需在赛事秩序册依旧赛中选手会议上醒目。If
a player needs a decision to be taken, the first person to be contacted
is the referee. The referee will form his decision by all means that
seem suitable to him. If the player wants to protest against that
ruling, he may contact the head referee and after that the tournament
director. In any regular tournament, the tournament director’s decision
is binding and final. A deposit from the protestor is required for such
an appeal and it will be forfeited in case of an adverse final decision.
The amount of deposit will be stated on program book or clarified on the
player’s meeting before event.

三回延时 — 罚壹杆;与此同时撤废下一场参加比赛资格

  男运动员能够穿着此外颜色的有领子、袖子的外套也许POLO衫(有领半袖衫),上衣必须束在裤子里。裤子的颜料为深色,要留意的是不容许穿着别的牛仔裤或许牛仔面料的裤子。鞋子必须是行业内部而且与一身装束相称的款型,不允许穿着运动鞋或凉鞋。在赛事首席营业官允许的图景下选手得以穿着皮质可能仿皮材质的运动鞋。Men
may wear a regular collared shirt or polo shirt of any color. Shirt or
polo shirt must be tucked in. No T-shirts are allowed. The shirt must
have at least a short sleeve. Only dark color dress pants allowed.
Denim/blue jeans of any color are forbidden. Shoes must be elegant dress
shoes that fit in the outfit. Sneakers and sandals are not allowed.
Sports shoes with a dark top of leather or leather-like material are
allowed but are subject to the tournament director’s discretion.

本土规则

  6.贴库球以及贴球的发表 Calling Frozen Balls

倘若没有取之不尽理由,如壹组球员的打球进度当先了允许时间并处于“落后”,该组球员将被计时(第二组球员一旦超越允许时间即被计时)。计时起来后,假若其余一名球员在率先击球时超越50秒,或在第三或第三个击球时超越40秒,他将被视为有一次“延时”。

  (a)有对象球进袋 或然;At least one object ball is pocketed or;

二)
沙坑中的石块是可活动妨碍物
(规则二4-一适用)。

  1八.不当行为 Improper Conduct

  13.输局 Losing the Rack

  比赛中恐怕会出现规则未列出且不能预料的情景。出现此意况时,评判会在公平竞技的准绳下作出判决,供给时壹局比赛只怕会被移至另一张球台进行,球的地方不可能移动时裁判发表该局比赛为僵局。It
may be that something unforeseen under these rules will occur during a
match. In such a case, the referee will decide how to proceed in a fair
manner. For example, it may be necessary to move a rack in progress to a
different table, in which case a stalemate may be declared if a position
cannot be transferred.

  近年来大规模利用排球纸和三角架摆球。当球局开始,排球纸或三角架放在置球区,全数的球被放置在排球纸或三角架的框内然后被摆放在置球区。摆球是评判的天职,球员无法自行摆球,除非赛事组织委员会委员会有分明须求。In
general, magic sheets or triangle racks are used to rack the ball. All
object balls are placed to their position by the help of magic sheet or
triangle. It is the referee’s duty to rack the balls. If not specified
otherwise by organizer of event, the players shall not rack the balls.

  7.1选手击球后,主球起先碰触的球必须是其选定的那组目的球,如其球组的对象球已全体进袋,则应率先击中八号球。After
the shot, the first object ball struck must be the ball belongs to
his/her group when table is not open, or be the eight ball when his/her
group balls are all cleared from the table.

  (b)原击球顺序不改动。The same established order of play been
maintained.

  7.四击球进程中(包含出杆前后),击球者除杆头以外的骨肉之躯任何部分(包含衣裳)、器具(包蕴杆身、架杆、巧克等)均不得碰触台面上的别的球。It
is a foul to touch, move or change the path of any object ball except by
the normal ball-to-ball contacts during shots. It is a foul to touch,
move or change the path of the cue ball except when it is in hand or by
the normal tip-to-ball forward stroke contact of a shot. The shooter is
responsible for the equipment he controls at the table, such as chalk,
bridges, clothing, his hair, parts of his body, and the cue ball when it
is in hand, that may be involved in such fouls.

  (c)双方都冒出违法比球。both lags are bad.

  (e)目的球离开台面;Ball driven off the table;

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